Childhood obesity is defined as “a serious medical condition that affects children and adolescents. It occurs when a child is well above the normal weight for his or her age and height” (Mayo Clinic, 2014).
Childhood obesity is caused by a number of environmental influences, and occasionally a genetic influence. The Center for Disease Control (CDC) points out a few of the environmental factors that have the biggest influence on children, such as advertising and media, inadequate amounts of activity incorporated into school days, limited access to healthy foods, limited access to safe places to exercise, increasing portion sizes, and the availability and convenience of unhealthy foods (2013).
“Overweight and obesity are caused by an energy imbalance where calories consumed exceed calories expended throughout the day. This leads to an increased fat storage in the body” (ACSM). It can be defined based on a person’s body mass index. For a child to be considered obese, their BMI would have to be at or above the 95th percentile.
Watch it on Youtube: Trying To Learn Why The Population Is Eating Too Much